Are Americans jealous of Indians?

Zeitbilder 5/6, textbook

 William Penn, one of the most important colonists in North America, on the landing in 1682 (painting by J.G.L. Ferris). The Quaker Penn also practiced tolerance of the indigenous population in Pennsylvania. Against the indigenous population The area in which the English colonies developed was not deserted. The natives of America ("Native-Americans"), called by the Europeans "Indians", lived there for millennia. They had colonized the continent since immigrating to America some 29,000 years ago. In doing so, they developed a variety of cultures. Here on the east coast of North America was the habitat of the "forest Indians". For these people, hunting and fishing as well as the cultivation of beans, corn and pumpkins were the basis of their lives. But wherever the Europeans went, they took it for granted that the natives should give way to them. The white colonists pushed forward kilometer by kilometer to the west and forcibly displaced the “Native Americans” from their habitat. Those who resisted were killed, those who did not, sometimes too. It was only a small step from here to the view that “only a dead Indian is a good Indian”. The indigenous people and their livelihoods (e.g. buffalo) were systematically exterminated. The land was eventually “bought” from the survivors for very small sums of money or goods. Towards the end of the 19th century, they were pushed back into areas that were of no economic importance for the whites (reservations). It was not until 1924 that all “Native Americans” received citizenship of the United States of America. What do you know about the life of the “Native Americans” in the reservations? How are “Indians” portrayed in feature films (“Westerns”)? Conflicts with the Motherland The colonies in North America were very important to England. Around 1770 its population was around 2.3 million, compared to 6.5 million in Great Britain. They exported more and more tobacco, indigo and rice, fur, wood and rum. The colonists built a third of the ships that sailed under the "Union Jack" and had over 1,000 fishing vessels. They produced more iron than England and Wales and also made all everyday items themselves. The mother country, which imposed strict restrictions on its colonies, drew ever greater benefits from this economic power. The English jealously watched that only they and no merchant ships from other countries could call at the ports in the colonies. Even trade between colonies was restricted. In the Peace of Paris (1763) Great Britain had captured all of Canada and Louisiana east of the Mississippi from France. However, the Seven Years War (see p. 256) had a heavy burden on British finances. That is why the parliament in London wanted to use the colonies more than before to pay the national debts. The British government proceeded on two levels: The surveillance of the colonies was intensified. –– Strong army units were stationed in America for this purpose. The colonists had to take care of the military - a cause of constant friction. Newly decreed duties and taxes were supposed to cover the colonial administration's increased need for money. Finally, the British administration forbade the colonists to print their own money and imposed a tax on all legal documents and printed matter (“Stamp Act”). The colonists then boycotted all English goods (“non-importation”). Several British companies went bankrupt as a result. Now the colonists raised the demand for participation. L If numerous border country farmers and land speculators, fur traders, merchants and shipowners had already been annoyed by the preceding measures, large sections of the American intelligentsia were now also affected. Soon there were hardly any lawyers and pastors, journalists and print shop owners who did not participate in the stamp Great Britain weapons cheap goods alcohol pepper coast slave trade colonial powers and their colonies areas in which slaves had to work on plantations Ivory Coast Gold Coast slave coast Spain Portugal France Netherlands Sklav en G old, Zucker, Ta b ak, cotton, S i lb er, R um Fisch Tobacco Sugar Cotton Rice Rum Furs Gold Furs Wood  Trade between Great Britain and its colonies in America (triangular trade). 163 Revolution and Restoration 5 For testing purposes only - property of the publisher öbv

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