Did the Greek pharaohs use traditional Egyptian titles

Egypt's queens: when Pharaoh was a woman

Ancient Egypt is an exception. It was the only country that relied time and again on women to keep the system functioning and to save the country from strife. Especially when a crisis was imminent, it was important to secure a stable foundation in this way.

Women as pharaoh

Most of these women ruled as Egyptian god-kings in human form and by no means only in a position of power behind a man on the throne. Six of them - Meritneith, Nofrusobek, Hatshepsut, Nefertiti, Tausret and Cleopatra - rose to the highest positions and exercised significant influence as independent heads of state. They all started out as queens - as the “sexual vessel” of their king - but each became the top decision maker. Five of them served as the female pharaoh. It is true that each of these women must have possessed the dignity, skill, intelligence and intuition necessary for such an office, but it was also the Egyptian system that needed their rule and brought them to power.

Line pullers instead of chess pieces

As political pullers, the rulers were prepared to take on leadership roles. However, they were also pawns in a patriarchal system. Their power, albeit linked to positions of real and formal authority, was marked by transition. These queens were placeholders for the male rulers. It was not uncommon for the men who followed them to delete their names from the official "King Lists" drawn up by the King's Temple.