How is the Ubuntu file system organized

Data storage media optimally organized under Linux

Data exchange with FAT32 or exFAT data carriers

The network is the first choice for data exchange between different systems. Linux, Windows and Mac OS can talk to each other over the network without any problems. But

For problem-free external data carriers or internal partitions, the question arises of a file system that can be used by all systems. Linux file systems are in principle readable for Windows and Mac OS, but only with the help of external software that you cannot take for granted everywhere. Windows NTFS requires external help under Mac OS, and under Linux, at least on multiboot systems, there is an access problem if the NTFS partition contains a Windows 8.x with Fastboot. On mobile USB data carriers that are used on different PCs, the access rights of Ext4 or NTFS can generally be annoying: You can give yourself the rights, but with larger amounts of data this is always associated with waiting times.

This leaves the old FAT32 for simple exchange, which all systems can use without tools and can format it themselves. The all-rounder Gparted is ideal for formatting under Linux. Anyone who wants to exchange ISO images or films will fail because of the maximum file size of four GB under FAT32. In this case, the Microsoft exFAT file system is suitable: Windows 7 and 8 can use it, and Mac OS X version 10.6.5 or higher. Although exFAT support is not yet standard under Linux, it can now be found in the official repositories and is included under Ubuntu-based systems, for example

installed in seconds. You can then use exFAT data carriers immediately. External exFAT media load Ubuntu & Co automatically with the file manager when connected.