Why do companies forego Linux

Linux and open source

With the new Windows 10 version, Microsoft wants to appease and win back users who have been disappointed with Windows 8 / 8.1 and who may have toured a switch from Windows to Linux. But apparently many Windows users who want to switch to the free, free and comparatively safe Linux operating system have problems.

Our sister publication PC-World has put together some reasons from letters to the editor and community contributions, which is why Windows users who wanted to switch to Linux gave up in frustration and returned to Windows. Overall, there seem to be five main reasons that lead to the failure of the switch from Windows to Linux. We present these five reasons and evaluate their relevance.

1. The favorite program does not run on Linux

Mostly it is professional programs from Adobe, especially Photoshop and Dreamweaver, that those who switch from Windows to Linux do not want to do without. The reference to GIMP doesn't help either - because GIMP is not a full replacement for Adobe, regardless of its strengths. In this respect, if you really need all the features of Photoshop, you should either not switch completely to Linux (and keep a partition with Windows, for example) or look at suitable virtualization solutions such as Wine, which Photoshop can also use to a certain extent on Linux -Computers can be used.

In the meantime, at least on Chromebooks, Adobe Photoshop can be used under certain circumstances: Photoshop and Dreamweaver are specialized professional tools for corporate use. Hardly any private user really needs all the functions of Photoshop, the range of functions of GIMP should be completely sufficient for most users. And websites can also be created without Dreamweaver, especially in times when content management systems and blog software such as Wordpress form the basis for many professional websites.

Playing under Linux: In addition to these professional application programs, there is another software group that speaks against the use of Linux: namely games. Because the game publishers still treat Linux second, if not third. At least the situation is slowly improving here, thanks to SteamOS and the Steam game platform from Valve.

Private users who use Linux and neither need Photoshop nor do a lot of daddling can still be faced with the problem that they suddenly need Windows. For example, if the child brings home new learning software that only runs on Windows. A virtual machine running Windows may help here. Or the learning software is also available as apps for iOS and / or Android. Because more and more publishers like USM are now also bringing out their well-known Windows learning software for the two most important mobile platforms. This then offers itself as an alternative for Linux users. A third solution would be cloud-based web applications to replace such Windows software.

Our assessment: The majority of private users can switch to Linux immediately without any problems. Except for hardcore daddlers. Especially in combination with an iPad or Android tablet, nothing stands in the way of switching to Linux.

2. The hardware is twitching

Basically, Linux now has excellent hardware recognition. But every now and then it still happens that a certain graphics card or UMTS stick refuses to work after Linux has been installed. Workarounds that can be found in various Linux forums such as ubuntuusers and at PC-WELT may help here. Our Linuxwelt, which appears every two months, also offers tips for solving hardware problems again and again. Standward works such as Linux also help. The comprehensive manual by Michael Kofler continues here.

Sometimes the really extensive Linux community doesn't help either, for example when it comes to a relatively fancy hardware component for which there are simply no Linux drivers. Or if a certain sub-component was simply not yet fully developed at the time of delivery. For example, the new Ubuntu Linux 8.04 sound system gave many users a headache at the time, because after the update to Ubuntu 8.04, the PCs and notebooks remained silent and could no longer play any sound.

Such hardware problems can be elegantly avoided by buying PCs or notebooks with Linux that are configured from the outset. The offer is still thinly spread here, however, a well-known supplier of desktop computers and notebooks with pre-installed and specially adapted Linux is the German company Tuxedo.

Our assessment: Buy pre-configured computers with Linux from the manufacturer. Before you buy, however, it is essential to research in Internet forums how well the configuration and support really work.

3. No command line commands please

The typical Windows user is spared from contact with the command line, only those who are interested in technology and want to delve deeper into Windows venture onto the command line and discover the fascinating possibilities of the CMD commands for Windows. Authors of Linux books repeatedly report on letters to the editor in which precisely this aspect, i.e. typing in command line commands, is described as daunting. Just don't type in commands by hand, especially not with long options - that seems to be an urgent need for many Windows users.

In Linux, despite all the assurances, it is not always so easy to avoid entering more or less cryptic commands or adapting scripts. This is particularly the case with hardware problems and when you have to determine detailed configuration and system information about your own Linux system in order to be able to post this data in a forum for analysis. However, the forums help the Linux novice compile this data by specifying the exact command syntax, as here with Ubuntuusers. This should enable even Linux beginners to overcome this hurdle.

Our assessment:Linux without command line commands is basically possible. In particular, modern Linux distributions such as Linux Mint or Ubuntu developed for newcomers and users have taken a lot of its original horror from Linux. However, after a certain period of getting used to it, it is advisable to pick up an online tutorial or a book or the Linux world and gradually try out a few of these command line commands. Because there is no faster or easier way to adapt Linux to your own needs and determine important system data.

4. But it works differently under Windows

Curious: Many authors of Linux books report that readers complain that certain actions lead to different results under Linux than under Windows. Or that certain results cannot be achieved in the same way on Linux as on Windows. This should really not surprise anyone, after all, Linux is not a replica of Windows.

Our assessment: This "argument" would also speak against switching from Windows XP to Windows 8.1 or Windows 10. Because there are some things that are different. And anyone who has previously driven a car with manual transmission should never switch to a car with automatic transmission. So just nonsense. Progress always means change, and that also applies to the switch from Windows to Linux.

5. The installation went completely wrong

It doesn't happen as often as in the past, but it does happen: The installation of Linux fails completely or at least goes so badly that the user suddenly finds himself in front of a cryptic prompt instead of a colorful desktop surface. And don't know what to do now.

Our assessment: In some cases the really good help in the various Linux internet forums can help. The easiest way to avoid this problem, however, is to buy PCs or notebooks with Linux preinstalled from the start. Or by installing Linux parallel to an existing Windows. Then you can still use Windows on the computer even after a failed Linux installation. (PC world)