Succulents need to be repotted regularly

Repot cacti: Get active every two to three years

From time to time you should repot cacti. Only then will the succulents develop splendidly. Here you can find out what you need for repotting, which substrate is suitable and how to proceed best.

Repotting cacti: when is the right time?

As a rule of thumb, cacti should be repotted every two to three years. After this period of time, the pot has usually become too small and the nutrients in the substrate have been used up. The best time to repot is at the end of the rest period between March and May. If you want to repot your cactus, you should no longer water it, as it can be removed more easily from dry soil.

The substrate should be as dry as possible so that you can more easily remove the cactus from the pot. You should also repot cacti if the roots are infested with pests or if you have bought the succulent plant new. Most of the time, cacti are sold in pots that are much too narrow.

What material do you need?

If you want to repot cacti, you first need a pot of the right size. The diameter of the pot should be at least two centimeters wider than the cactus so that there is one centimeter of space between the cactus and the edge of the pot after repotting. In general, it is advisable to use pots made of clay, as these may lead excess irrigation water outside.

As an exotic decoration, you can put the cactus in a pot with an Aztec pattern. A permeable mixture of coarse-grained sand, crushed peat and sterilized clay is suitable as a substrate. This is available in specialist shops under the name Kakteenerde. You will also need quartz gravel or potsherds for drainage, a garden shovel and old textiles such as scraps of fabric or old towels to protect your hands. The drainage protects the cactus from waterlogging.

Repotting cacti: this is how it works

Cacti are prickly fellows and should be handled with care. If you want to repot cacti, first carefully wrap the plant body in the textiles so that you can grab it easily. With gloves and kitchen tongs, you can also grab the cactus more easily.

Then gently shake the cactus. After the roots have loosened, lift the cactus out and free the root ball of excess substrate. With your hands you can easily detach the cactus soil from the fine network of roots without damaging the sensitive roots.

Fill the pot with substrate

Now prepare the new pot. Fill a two to three centimeter thick layer of quartz gravel or potsherds into the pot and pour some of the substrate over it. You can then place the cactus in the new pot. The cavities between the edge of the pot and the cactus are filled with the substrate. So that the cactus soil is well distributed, tap the pot gently on the table and shake it.

You can now unwrap the cactus and leave it in a bright place for two weeks. During this time new roots should have formed and you can water the cactus again as usual.