Why do we study psychology in philosophy

What is the relationship between philosophy and psychology?

Last update: 02 September, 2019

Philosophy and psychology are two disciplines that share a common place in history. Psychology arose from philosophy. It was created to include the so-called empirical method in philosophical questions. Conversely, philosophy has given innumerable impulses to research in psychology, such as sensation, perception, intelligence and memory.

In contrast, the approaches that characterize these sciences are different. Although they can share objects of investigation, they have different (basic) views. Even with the same theories philosophy and psychology often do not come to the same conclusion. Therefore, the experts in these disciplines sometimes see themselves as opponents.

Psychology and philosophy

The word “psychology” comes from the Greek words “psyche” and “logos”. You could also translate this as “soul” and “study”.Psychology therefore means the study of the soul. Put simply, we can say that psychology is the science that deals with the study of the human mind and behavior.

Psychology aims to clarify what happens in the “black box” of our brain and how these events affect the way we act. Science also takes into account the stimuli to which we are exposed from our environment. Psychologists want to continue to understand how people receive and interpret information, depending on what they have learned by then.

The term “Philosophy” also comes from the Greek, the words “philo” and “sophia” mean something like “love of wisdom”. The purpose of philosophy is to solve problems that actually arise and are perhaps of greater transcendence, such as questions about existence, truth, knowledge, morality, beauty, spirit, and language. As a rule, research is done in philosophy in a non-empirical way. Instead, scientists use the methods of conceptual analysis, mental experimentation, speculation or other a priori method.

Similarities between psychology and philosophy

Psychology depends on philosophy for several reasons. Thus philosophy gives psychology a general idea of ​​the meaning of being human. Much of the psychological theories are based on this foundation. Philosophical approaches can be found in psychology on two levels. First, in relative hypotheses about the mind and the methods of studying it. Second, in general principles of scientific research that go beyond being human.

Conversely, there is also a relationship. Sometimes philosophy does use empirical methods to achieve its goals. Therefore, both sciences share theories and subjects of study.

Differences Between Psychology and Philosophy

Although both disciplines study human behavior, they are different from each other. Differences exist, for example, in methods, intentions and whether questions of morality are taken into account.

Regarding the methods philosophy works with conceptual categories and the relationships that exist between them.Hence, this science is open to any method. On the other hand, psychology relies on the empirical and statistical. This is more important to you in quantitative and qualitative research. Psychology focuses on experimentation and the empirical testing of hypotheses. Experiments are a way of understanding our behavior and the effectiveness of tools such as B. of therapies to validate.

In terms of the objectives of the disciplines Philosophy is more intellectually oriented, while psychology focuses on therapy and intervention. Philosophy defines systems or categories that serve to explain reality. Instead of studying the world as a whole, psychology tries to isolate individual variables of human behavior and to take individual differences into account. After all, no one behaves identically to another person, even under the same circumstances. Therefore, psychologists are also interested in our biology, especially the one that affects our brain.

Another major difference between the two sciences lies in their conception of morality. Philosophy tries to explain everything that includes morally correct behavior. It therefore sometimes describes what is right and what is wrong.

However, psychology does not take up this debate. Although psychology has proposed scales for ethics and morality, its aim is not to investigate what is morally acceptable and what is not, but what different moral concepts there are.

Both disciplines, philosophy and psychology, study people and their behavior. They have similarities and differences, and sometimes interpret the same facts in different ways. The method that the respective scientist uses will influence the answers that he gives to a certain question. Even so, they share many theories and results.

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