What is the distinction of ax

That is the difference between an ax and a hatchet

Handle length and wedge angle

The type of application to be carried out determines whether an ax or a hatchet is the more suitable tool. In some areas of work, such as forestry, both tools are needed. On average one can assume a length ratio of two to one between ax and hatchet.

The ax is used as a felling or splitting tool. The greatest possible exertion of force on the material to be felled or split is required. The long handle allows wide backward movements, which add additional centrifugal and centrifugal force to the kinetic energy invested. The ax can be described as a gross motor tool.

The proportionality of the handle length to the ax head leads to a thicker handle hole size due to the thicker shaft. The width of the neck of the ax as the opposite side to the cutting edge results in a higher wedge angle on axes than on smaller axes. The average wedge angle for a splitting ax is about twenty degrees. The angular design of a cutting ax is similar to a hatchet, but it has the longer handle. The wedge angle is about ten degrees.

Special and universal axes

The differentiated tasks and uses of an ax also lead to other than standardized handles. The handle in axes and simple universal hatchets is driven into the hole in the inner head section. Similar to the handle of a hammer head, an expanding nail is driven into the eye, the upper opening of the ax or hatchet head. Due to its displacement effect, the wood of the shaft spreads and jams in the head opening.

Depending on the type and use, hatchets can have different connections between the head and the shaft. Typical examples are:

  • A sculptor's ax made from a forged piece of metal with a curved shaft
  • Meadow hatchets have an eyelet welded to the cutting edge
  • Grommet axes have a grommet for the shaft
If you build an ax yourself, apart from the secure hold between the shaft and head, pay attention to the ratio of head to shaft size and shape.