Does the grammar differ in the individual countries?

Grammar: The correct designation of countries: after or in?

Perhaps you have also asked yourself the correct way of saying: “She is going to Iraq” or “She is going to Iraq”, she is “in Iraq” or “in Iraq”? You read something different in the newspaper every day, and you always hear something different on the news.

It says correctly:
But also:
We're going to Iraq.
We're going to Iraq.
We are in Iraq.We are in Iraq.


The explanation

“Iraq” can have a fixed article, ie “Iraq”. And the rule is that geographical names that have a fixed article are used with the direction
stated “in”, ie “in Iraq”.


Other examples:

  • You are going to Switzerland.
  • You are going to Turkey.
  • You are going to Slovakia.

But: “Iraq” can also be used without a fixed article. The rule is: In front of geographical names that do not have a fixed article, the direction is “to”, ie “to Iraq”.

Other examples:

  • You're going to Portugal.
  • You're going to France.

The Office-Korrespondenz-aktuell tip: Since both are possible, I follow my sense of language and prefer: She goes to Iraq. She is in Iraq.


So that you can round off your knowledge of the country names, here is a supplement:

For islands, "on" is used, for countries "in":

However, if the islands are also countries, both are possible: on / in Iceland.


You can find more tips on the topic of 'grammar: country names' in Office Korrespondenz aktuell