Is tourism good for the economy?

tourism An opportunity for sustainable development

With the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the United Nations adopted a program in 2015 to pave the way for a fairer and more sustainable world. The total of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) encompass all societal, economic, social and political areas, including tourism.

The 2030 Agenda emphasizes the great importance of sustainable tourism in terms of development policy. It is explicitly mentioned in the following goals:

  • 8.9: Promotion of sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and local products
  • 12.b: Monitoring the effects of sustainable tourism
  • 14.7: Increase the economic benefits for the small island developing countries and the least developed countries through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism

Since tourism consists of a large number of individual services (such as transport, accommodation, food, leisure activities), it is closely linked to the production and supply of a wide variety of goods and services. It can therefore also contribute to realizing other goals of the 2030 Agenda, for example strengthening small food producers (Goal 2.3), the sustainable management of natural resources (Goal 12.2) and reducing inequality within and between countries (Goal 10).