What is the epitome of southern culture
The Goths - powerful empires
The largest of them were loose tribal associations rather than a solid community. But what was so special about these tribes that they were still successful without fixed structures and that their names still resonate today?
The Goths originally came from the south of Scandinavia. Her name can still be found today in names such as Göteborg or Gotland. Around the year 300 AD, the tribe was divided into the "Visigoti" (noble Goths) and "Austrogoti" (sunrise Goths).
The names have been changed in the course of history in Visigoths and Ostrogoths and refer to the later distribution area of the tribes. The Ostrogoths established a powerful empire in Italy and Austria under King Theodoric at the end of the 5th century, the Visigoth empires in France and Spain.
Since the Goths migrated across the entire European continent, they were also made up of very different population groups. What they all had in common, however, was the military strength ascribed to the Goths. Especially south of the Danube they were feared because of their military conquests, the so-called "Gotenstürmen".
The Bible of the Visigoth bishop Wulfila (also Ulfila) from the 4th century, who evangelized the Goths with his Bible translation, has been handed down from the Goths. It is one of the few written sources that has remained from the Teutons.
The Angles and Saxons - off to Great Britain
The Angles and Saxons were among the North Sea Germanic peoples. They lived in what is now Schleswig-Holstein and southern Denmark. In the 5th century, members of the two great tribes and the Jutes migrated to England. Despite some abandoned villages that were left behind, the Angles and Saxons remained influential in their tribal territory.
The Saxons were considered belligerent and violently opposed their Christianization. It was not until the end of the 8th century that Charlemagne succeeded in tying the pagan Saxons to the Roman Church through his "Saxon trains" in order to be able to control them better.
The story of the "Irminsul" column, which served the Saxons as a sanctuary, has been handed down. Troops of Charlemagne had the cult object destroyed in order to weaken the Saxons in their fighting morale and their faith.
The Vandals - Crusade against Rome
The large tribe of Vandals (also known as "Vandals") originally came from North Jutland (Denmark), but moved to the northern region between the Oder and Vistula in the 2nd century.
The Vandals were considered one of the most bloodthirsty tribes. They moved further than any other Germanic tribe into northern Africa. This migration movement was no longer just about looking for better living conditions or more settlement space for one's own tribe.
The warlike moves of the Vandals in the 5th century were a crusade against the hated Roman Empire. They took advantage of the weak defense system of the Romans in North Africa and plundered the border region of the empire as well as the areas they had previously conquered in Europe. The name of the tribe is still the epitome of destruction today.
The Suebi - descendants of the gods
The tribal association of the Suebi (or "Sweben") is less known by name than other major Germanic tribes, but can still be found today under the name "Swabia". Originally the Suebi belonged to the group of the Elbe Germans.
In the 3rd century they managed to cross the Limes south of the Rhine-Main area and settle in what is now Switzerland and in southwest Germany. The loose association later became part of the large tribe of the "Alemanni". The dialects spoken in Switzerland and southwestern Germany are now called "Alemannic".
The Suebi were considered particularly honorable and claimed that their family tree could be traced back to the gods. Such myths led other tribes to join them. The marcomanni also belonged to the Suebi Association.
The good reputation of the Suebi explains the widespread use of the Suebi knot, a characteristic hair knot of men that was adopted from other tribes and was considered particularly chic.
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