How does mental health affect the community?

Factors influencing the psyche

There are a few terms that are commonly used in connection with the subject of mental health. These include well-being, quality of life and self-efficacy.


Well-being is often equated with happiness in psychological research. You often feel happy or satisfied with your own life. Positive moods are more common than depressed ones. Life “succeeds” by and large.

A high level of psychological well-being is usually present when people act as independently as possible, the demands of the environment can be coped with and positive social relationships are maintained. Personal development, the recognition of a meaning in life and self-acceptance also support this.

Subjective wellbeing can be divided into four different dimensions:

  • Freedom from subjective stress ("I cannot complain"),
  • Joy as a positive and short-term component of well-being,
  • Satisfaction as well
  • Happiness as an emotional factor in wellbeing.

life quality

Quality of life includes physical and psychological well-being, self-esteem, family and friends and our ability to function in everyday life as well as often a fulfilling professional life. Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) is an interplay of physical, psychological and social aspects. It includes a lot more than the state of health. The quality of life can only be described by oneself. Quality of life questionnaires can help to pay particular attention to individual supportive measures during therapy.


A major factor that contributes to our mental health is what is known as self-efficacy. It means that a person can freely choose an action and also believes in putting the project into practice. So you are convinced of your abilities. Self-efficacy thus means control over one's own life and over events in the personal environment - "being the lady / master of her / his life" and not feeling at the mercy and helplessness.