Why has spirituality disappeared from modern culture?

Idols - cult

Hubert garlic

To person

Dr. rer. soc., born 1959; Professor of General Sociology at the Technical University of Berlin, Institute for Sociology, Franklinstr. 28/29; Technical University of Berlin, 10587 Berlin.
Email: [email protected]
Internet: www.tu-berlin.de/

On the one hand religion takes on forms of popular culture and on the other hand shifts its themes to the subject as "spirituality". The reasons for this are the upgrading of knowledge, the changed position of women and changed communication structures.


The title "popular religion" has an ambiguity that is quite deliberate. "Popularity" indicates the public popularity of the religion. "Popularity" is difficult to measure, but it is hard to overlook the fact that religion has been attracting a rapidly increasing interest in recent times. However, this interest is by no means moving in the traditional ways of ecclesiastical religiosity. Even if the churches, as the most important bearers of religion, should not be belittled, the growing interest is directed much more towards those aspects of religion that are more on the fringes, even outside of the mainstream churches.

Therefore, no trend reversal can be observed in the ecclesiastical nature of the population. This gives an indication of the second aspect of popularity: the successful forms of religion are also forms of a popularized religion. Popularization in no way only means a complement to religion, but rather points to a massive transformation which subjectively manifests itself in the increasing importance of spirituality. While I can only briefly outline popular religion and growing spirituality here, [1] I would like to attempt to describe the transformation of religion as a result of social change processes.