What causes the ball to top in golf

Instruction - Golfswing4you

What does 'top the ball' mean?
The golf ball is hit on its upper half by the club head. As a result, the golf ball flies a flatter path. This is also known as "topping". The ball receives topspin instead of backspin.
 
If you belong to the type of topper, we would like to tell you that many amateurs with a high handicap under the Top suffer and often they are told not to look at the ball so early, get up or raise their heads. When making corrections, however, you must not lower your head when addressing it, because the ball should be addressed with your head raised.
Forget the often well-intentioned and then mumbled advice: Try to get under the ball! It only makes the problem worse. Better say to yourself and do it this way: right shoulder down and down through the bottom !!
 
There are several reasons to top the ball.
This certainly includes the golfer's fear of hitting the ground too deeply. Instead of going through the ball with the stretched left arm and the stretching right arm and then knocking a more or less small divot out of the ground, the arm (s) are drawn in (not stretched! - Chicken wings). Consequence: You don't hit the ball below, where it rests on the floor, but higher up, sometimes even on the "joke".
Even if the swing path is too steep, the club head threatens to crash into the ground and instinctively leads you to avoid this by pulling your arms.
Here you have to change the swing path first.
Another very common, but seldom really recognized cause of topping is too shallow shoulder rotation, you won't get under the ball because you are turning your shoulders too flat. The right shoulder must be down and not around. Try to pull down with your right shoulder as soon as the downswing is initiated - immediately after the LowerBodyAction. At the moment of impact, your shoulder line should be about 40-45 ° steep (most amateurs only get an average value of 30 °).
Your other balls that fly too low (flat drives) are mostly caused by the poor right shoulder drop.
So be prepared for the magic formula: As the first shoulder movement in the downswing Put your right shoulder down!.
 
In summary: The general causes for topping are:

  • The swing arch reaches its lowest point too far to the right behind the ball and the club head moves up again at the moment of impact (also the "fat hit" is related to this).
    The swing path either comes too much from the inside, but a spooned and scooped top can also be responsible for it.
    Much more common, however, is not bringing the weight forward on the left side. You “sit on the right”, you “fall back”.
  • Also too far to the left, towards the target, i.e. in front of the ball, the lowest point of the swing arc can be, so the club head is still too high at the moment of impact. You drive over the ball.
    Causes can be a swing path that comes too much from the outside or a body movement that goes too quickly to the left. But it can also be holding the angle between the left arm and the club for too long.
  • Another swing problem arises when the lowest point of the swing arc is too high overall (such as an air strike).
    Most of the time the causes are to be found in a swing path that is too flat or you simply stand too upright without bent knees. You don't even reach the ground, you don't brush the grass. As I said, pulling your arms up, standing on your toes, straightening your upper body and hunching your shoulders are the causes.

     
    What can you basically do not to top the ball?
    Do not try to lift or spoon the ball in the air. Let the loft of your racket work in such a way that the lower back of the ball is hit first and then the ground. Do not shorten your arms by pointing them, but rather swing stretching into the ball, do not hold the club convulsively, but let the weight of the club head do the work (pull it down). Shift your weight forward onto the bending and stretching left leg !!!
     
    Finding the right angle into the ball is the goal. With woods, the ball should be attacked at a flat angle, with irons with a steep angle of impact Ball-to-ground hit.
    The divots struck in a correct stroke are essential, they show that the ball was hit with the correct backspin, which is so admired by the professionals because the ball even "comes back" when viewed from the direction of play.