Who is an ideal citizen of India
The inhabitants of India
The castes in India have always been an incentive for conversation and discussion. The main question for many people is where they come from, what they mean, what their social significance is and how the problems that their existence brings came about.
Since the caste system as a social order today has a much more differentiated meaning and dynamism than it used to, and has lost some of its rigor and importance, it still shapes everyday life in India today.
The term caste comes from the Portuguese / Spanish usage (casta - race, from Latin castus - pure). This term is mainly used in ethnology and sociology for the system known from India hierarchical arrangement social groups.
The Origins of the caste system probably go to the Brahmins or priests who used their position of power to underpin their special position. However, the time of this development cannot be quantified with sufficient accuracy; Historically, the caste system has arisen from the growing together of different peoples. Often times the caste is on the myth of the divine Prehistoric men (Purusha) from its body parts the first boxes should have arisen (the first from the head, the second from the arms, the third from the thighs, the fourth from the feet).
The were formulated for the first time regulate of the caste system in the Manusmriti (between 200 BC and 200 AD). All other Hindu scriptures accept the system as a desirable fact. Next orthodox hinduswho still propagate the caste system today as a desirable form of coexistence, but there are also those who Excesses and Injustices denounced and overcoming the strict Box barriers have requested. Modern Hindus today often refuse to maintain the traditional bondage to castes.
The caste system can be divided into the categories of Varnas (literally class, status, color) and their subgroups (Jati) are structured. The latter are in turn divided into Subjatis on. Theorists speak of 2,000 to 3,000 Jatis.
The system of the Varnas is considered the intellectual and ideological level of the caste system and legitimizes the caste system as an ideal and purely theoretical order, but without historical evidence.
A controversial theory holds that with the term Varna the Skin color meant - and the higher the caste, the lighter the skin was and therefore also the skin Race the immigrant depicted. At the top of the Varnas is the class of Brahminsto which the priest belong and to whom the judicial power rests. Directly below are the Kashatriyas as soldiers and Administrative officers. The first two varnas make up about 10% of India's population. The Vaisyas, which include artists and traders, follow. Finally, the Sudras come, which include farmers and day laborers.
The first three varnas consider themselves to be Twiceborn (dvija), through natural and cultural / spiritual birth. Only this second birth previously allowed to study the sacred texts (Veda). Belonging to the upper Varnas was previously closely related to the knowledge of the Veda, the holy indian Coupled texts. The Education the Vedas viewed it not only as a duty but also as a privilege. The passing on of this knowledge to outsiders with the exception of the twice-born was taboo for a long time and the knowledge and privilege to pass it on earlier an important one Delimitation criterion the first to the remaining varnas. Today, however, this study is open to everyone, both in the private and academic field or with a guru.
The Varnas are in turn divided into hundreds of Jatis which are of greater importance in daily life. The term Jati stands for "birth group" and is derived from the term "jan" for "to be born". The caste affiliation of the individual is determined by the birth, whereby entry or exit is not possible. According to Hindu ideas are with the Caste affiliation certain cosmic and social duties (Dharma) connected. So it is the duty of the Kshatriya to lead society and go to war. Brahmins, on the other hand, should study and teach scriptures and ensure the performance of the rites.
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