Who is Jang Kun Kabaddi Player

encyclopedia

Overview of sporting activities in South Korea

South Korea has its own traditional sports as well as sports from different cultures and countries.

Sport from Korea [edit]

Taekwondo, a popular martial arts sport, is often referred to as being historical on the Korean Peninsula. The origins are said to have been traced back to the 1st century BC[1]. However, such historical claims are difficult to verify empirically and to separate from the influences of neighboring counties. The sport gained importance after the end of the Japanese occupation with the end of World War II. The formalized rules were established in 1961 and in 1988 the sport became an Olympic event. The name “Taekwondo” literally means Away from foot and fistalthough the modern focus is on the kicks.[1] This could be a way of legitimizing the sport's association with the traditional practice called taekkyon, which originated in Korea during the 4th century Goguryeo period[2]. Taekkyon uses hands and feet and all parts of the body. However, only open feet and open hands are allowed in competitions. The movements are gentler and more curvilinear than in Taekwondo[3]. Although both disciplines begin with the English tone “tae”, there is no relationship.

While there is much controversy over the historical origins of many martial arts in South Korea, there is no question that Korean martial arts and sports, whether Korean or traditional, have achieved considerable success. Styles like Hapkido, Kuk Sool, Hwarangdo, Han Moo Do, Yudo, Kumdo, Goog-sool and many others quickly emerged from an independent Korea and have spread to countries around the world. Although not as popular as taekwondo, they uniquely represent the Korean fighting spirit that dates back to ancient times. In contrast to Japanese martial arts, which often "-to do"At the end of a name (meaning" way "), Korean traditional martial arts were called" Mu Sool "or" Mu Yea ". This could lead to confusion because although the "to do"In Taekwondo and Hapkido means"path“(As in Karate-do and Aikido) the historical meaning in Hwarangdo differs from the modern use (also“ way ”like the others). When this martial art was invented in the 1960s, the name was borrowed from an ancient group ((to do) consisting mainly of the children of the noble class (Yangban) to learn military tactics, leadership and combat skills.

Well-known sports [edit]

A 2019 survey found that 22.7% of South Korean sports fans identified soccer as their favorite sport, with baseball ranking 2nd with 20.6% of respondents. However, the survey did not show the extent to which the respondents pursue both sports.[2]

Baseball [edit]

Incheon Munhak Ballpark

Baseball was introduced by American missionaries in 1905 and today has a strong following. The Korea Professional Baseball League, a 10-team racetrack, was founded in 1982. Korea won the gold medal in baseball at the 2008 Summer Olympics. Korea also regularly participates in the World Baseball Classic and is considered one of the best baseball countries in international competition. Several Korean players have played major league baseball. The domestic KBO League consistently attracts 8 million fans per year and reaches an average of 11,500 viewers per game. Both are the highest among professional spectator sports in South Korea.[3] South Korea also has an active baseball cheering culture, with each team having their own method of cheering.[4]

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The national soccer team was the first team in the Asian Football Association to reach the semi-finals of the 2002 FIFA World Cup at the 2002 FIFA World Cup, which was jointly hosted by South Korea and Japan.[5] The national team of the Republic of Korea (as it is known) has qualified for every World Cup since Mexico 1986 and has broken out of the group stage twice: first in 2002 and again in 2010 when it was defeated by eventual semi-finalists Uruguay in the round of 16 in the In the 2012 Summer Olympics, South Korea won the bronze medal for football.

South Korea, which competes internationally under the name “Korea Republic”, has qualified for ten FIFA World Cups, including the most recent tournament in 2018 (Asian record), and co-organized the 2002 World Cup and finished in 4th place. Also in 2010, the country's U17 women's team won the 2010 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup in Trinidad and Tobago, taking South Korea's first title in global FIFA competition. The K-League is the oldest national professional football league in Asia. A large number of tiny amateur football gatherings are active and extremely popular.

Basketball

Another sport that is growing in popularity in South Korea is basketball. Professional basketball teams compete in the Korean Basketball League. The South Korean national basketball team won a record 25 medals in the Asian basketball championship. The only Korean NBA player so far was Ha Seung-Jin, who played there in 2004/06. Basketball was the most popular sport in South Korea alongside baseball in the 1990s, but its popularity has declined since the 2000s.

Volleyball [edit]

Volleyball is very popular in South Korea as the V-League is a professional league for men's and women's teams.

Archery

South Korea has dominated archery internationally with the most medals in Olympic Games and international competitions.[6]

Fencing

In recent years, South Korea has won many medals in fencing from recent Olympic Games and World Championships.[7]

Korean martial arts

Taekwondo is the most widely practiced martial in the country and is very popular outside of Korea.

Golf is very popular in South Korea. It is often believed that this has to do with the fact that golf is considered a status symbol.[4] Membership in golf clubs in South Korea is considerably more expensive than in Japan or the USA. South Korea is particularly strong at women's golf. 47 Koreans play on the world's leading women’s tour, the LPGA tour in the [United States]. The most famous Korean golfer is Pak Se-ri.[5]

Ice skating

Ice skating is also a very popular sport, with children ages 5 and up starting daily to compete and receive private lessons. The national leadership deliberately focused on short-distance speed skating as a focus for the Olympic Games, thus promoting a culture of skating.[8] The sport was first introduced in 1982 by a Japanese university team attending an exhibition event, and the South Korean national team was formed three years later in time for the 1986 Asian Winter Games. By the first half of the 1990s they had become a great force in sport. Kim Ki-hoon became the first ever gold medalist at the 1992 Winter Olympics in the men's 1000m, and the team won five gold and silver medals at the 1994 Winter Olympics.[9]

Handball

The South Korean women's national handball team is one of two non-European countries to have won the World Cup and the only one to have won Olympic gold.

Rugby union

Rugby Union is played to a certain extent in South Korea, with the Korean team currently ranked 30th in the world (as of November 2019) in the current IRB world rankings. Korea has been participating in the Asian Five Nations since 2008 and was ranked 3rd in 2014. Most of South Korea's national rugby players play their club rugby in Japan as South Korea does not have a professional league. The national rugby sevens team finished third in the Asian qualification for the 2016 Summer Olympics and reached the final qualifying tournament, but could not go beyond the group game of the first round in the final qualification.

Kabaddi [edit]

Kabaddi is a growing sport in South Korea. The South Korean national kabaddi team ranks 3rd in the world. Nine Korean players play in the Pro Kabaddi League in India.

The Korean captain Jang Kun Lee is the most famous national player in the Pro Kabaddi League in India and currently plays for the Bengal Warriors.

At the 2016 Kabaddi World Cup, Korea finished 3rd in the tournament when it lost to Iran in the semifinals. Korea was the only team to beat India's eventual winners and world champions in the tournament. Korea was also invited to take part in the 2018 Dubai Kabaddi Masters as it is among the top four kabaddi player nations in the world.[10]

Cricket [edit]

Cricket isn't that common, but South Korea joined a national team during the 2014 Asian Games in which they defeated the People's Republic of China. Cricket is mostly played by expats and there is only one league in Seoul and the surrounding suburbs. The team for the Asian Games, which could only come from South Korean citizens, consisted partly of converted baseball players.[11]

Table tennis [edit]

Table tennis is popular in South Korea[6]. There are smaller leagues at many universities.

E-sports [edit]

Esports has found a strong home in South Korea, with the StarCraft professional competition being the biggest example of this. Large corporate sponsored teams and leagues have formed in esports. The most notable leagues are the OnGameNet Starleague, the MBCGame StarCraft League (retired), and the Proleague. Some television channels such as Ongamenet, GomTV and earlier MBCGame are dedicated to broadcasting electronic sports. The Korean esports association, a branch of the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, was established in 2000 to promote and regulate sport in the country.[12]

Motorsport [edit]

South Korea hosted the annual Formula 1 Korean Grand Prix in Yeongam from 2010 to 2013. However, South Korea does not yet have a driver at the start.

On November 30, 2018, Alejandro Agag, Formula E CEO, signed an agreement with Moon Jae-sik, Chairman of JSM Holdings.[13] South Korea was given the right to hold the Seoul ePrix from 2020 to 2025. After Hong Kong and China (Beijing and Sanya), it will be the first ePrix in South Korea and the third Asian hosting country.[14]

Ice hockey

Ice hockey is slowly developing as fans in Anyang see sold-out games for Anyang Halla Hockey Club, which became the first non-Japanese club to win the championship title for Asia League ice hockey. In South Korea 4 teams take part in the ice hockey championship of the Asia League.

Other sports [edit]

Badminton is popular all over Asia and is played by many Koreans. Badminton nets can be found in many outdoor recreation parks. Korean players often reach the finals at regional and world championships.[7]Bowling is a popular sport in South Korea with many local leagues. Computerized systems are the order of the day.[8]

Hiking on the many mountains of Korea is particularly popular with older generations. Hiking is a huge industry for clothing companies and for tourism. Therefore, hiking trails in South Korea have a good infrastructure.

Diving is very popular on Jeju Island.

Fishing is a popular activity in streams, rivers, and oceans. There are arranged fishing trips.[9]

Korea's alpine ski slopes were made famous during the PyeongChang 2018 Winter Olympics. Snowboarding was not allowed in most resorts until recently.[when?].

Big sporting events [edit]

Summer Olympics [edit]

Fireworks at the closing ceremonies of the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul

The 1988 Summer Olympics were celebrated in Seoul from September 17 to October 2, 1988. It was the second Summer Olympic Games in Asia, the last time it took place in Tokyo in 1964.

160 nations with 8391 athletes were represented at the Games in Seoul: 6197 men and 2194 women. 237 events took place. 27,221 volunteers helped prepare for the Olympic Games. 11,331 media (4,978 written press and 6,353 broadcasters) showed the games around the world.[10]

These were the last Olympic Games for two of the “dominant” sporting powers in the world, the Soviet Union and the GDR, as both would no longer exist at the next Olympic Games.

North Korea, which is still officially at war with South Korea, and its allies Albania, Cuba, Madagascar and the Seychelles boycotted the Games. For various reasons, Ethiopia, Nicaragua and Albania (which had set an Olympic record for the fourth year in a row) did not participate in the Games. The much larger boycotts of the last three Summer Olympics were avoided, however, resulting in the largest number of nations participating to date.

North Korea and South Korea marched together in the 2000 and 2004 Olympics and it was believed that it would be in 2008, but it was not. (See Sports in North Korea.)

Among the Asian countries, South Korea has the distinction of collecting more medals at the Winter Olympics with 45 medals: 23 gold, 14 silver and 8 bronze medals. South Korea took second place in the medal table of the 2016 Winter Youth Olympic Games with ten gold medals. However, if they lost the title, they won a silver medal.

The 2018 Winter Olympics took place in Pyeongchang between February 9th and 25th, 2018. Pyeongchang won for the third time in a row. After a number of major cities (Nagano to Sochi), the Winter Olympics returned to a mountain resort for the first time since Lillehammer in 1994.

FIFA World Cup [edit]

The 2002 FIFA World Cup took place in Korea and Japan with great success. More than 10 million Koreans took to the streets to support their team in the semi-finals against Germany.

The 2002 FIFA World Cup was the 17th edition of the FIFA World Cup, which took place from May 31 to June 30 in South Korea and Japan. It was also the first World Cup in Asia and the last to implement the golden rule of goals. Brazil won the tournament for the fifth time, beating Germany 2-0 in the final. Turkey beat South Korea 3-2 in the game for third place.

Korea professional sport [edit]

Host of the international championship [edit]

References [edit]

  • ^“Hang gliding as a sport”. Britannica Student Encyclopedia (Online edition). 2005.
  • ^"Sports". Retrieved July 23, 2005.
  • ^“Korea: Education, Recreation, and Welfare”. Britannica Student Encyclopedia (Online edition). 2005.
  • ^“Traditional Sports and Games”. Retrieved July 23, 2005.
  • ^Korean Folk Village (2000). Korean Traditional Culture: Fragrances of Korean Traditional Culture. Lee Sang-So. ISBN.
  • ^“Martial Art: Taekwondo”. Encyclopædia Britannica (Online edition). 2005.
  • ^“Seoul 1988”. www.olympic.org. Retrieved March 12, 2010.