What is a symphony

symphony, the

SymphonieSinfonie f. ‘Instrumental work in several movements for large orchestra’. Mhd.symphonīe 'harmony, euphony (different instruments or singing voices), harmony, concert' (early 13th century) is borrowed from the Latin symphōnia, Greek symphōnía (συμφωνία) 'the co-ordination, harmony, harmony, concert', abstract to Greek sýmphōnos (σύμφωνος) 'at the same time with something sounding, coherent, harmonious', a formation (see ↗syn-) to Greek phōnḗ (φωνή) 'voice, sound, tone'. The mhd.frühnhd is based on the influence of afrz.symphonie, simphonie, si (n) fonie ‘concert of instruments and voices’, but especially ‘musical instrument’ (of various kinds), especially ‘string instrument’. Use in the sense of "string instrument, beautiful sounding string game". Corresponding to ital.sinfonia, the term has been used since the 17th century (until the 19th century) for musical, self-contained preludes and interludes in operas and theater pieces, which can also be played on their own, and then for a independent orchestral work. Today's form of the symphony, consisting of several self-contained movements (as a "large sonata form") develops in the 18th century from the fixed sequence of movements (fast, slow, fast) of Neapolitan opera overtures. Ital.sinfonia is also used in the 2nd half of the 18th century. emerging spelling symphony back. The transferred use of ‘agreement, unity’ begins in the 18th century (according to an individual document from the 16th century). symphonic adj. ‘melodious’ (17th century), ‘in the manner of a symphony’ (18th century). Symphonic composer with symphonies, member of a symphony orchestra (early 20th century).