Can a woman get pregnant without menstruating

What is ovulation? 10 things every woman should know

When it comes to wishing to have children, ovulation is THE central question around which all other questions for mum-to-be revolve. When will I ovulate and when can I get pregnant? Can I influence or promote ovulation in any way? And, even if that might sound silly: What is ovulation anyway?

Here you will find the answers to 10 questions that every woman who wants to have children has asked herself at least once about ovulation ...

1. What is ovulation?
2. When can I get pregnant?
3. What are the signs of ovulation?
4. Fertility Calendar: How Does It Work?
5. Can I ovulate without a period?
6. Is it possible to ovulate despite the pill?
7th pill discontinued: when will the next ovulation occur?
8. How can I promote ovulation or my fertility?
9. When are you "sterile"?
10. Boy or girl: can I influence the gender?

Reading tip: From ovulation to headstand: 10 myths about fertility

1. What is ovulation?

Ovulation is the term used to describe the discharge of the egg from the ovary. After ovulation, the egg cell moves into the fallopian tube, where it can fuse with a sperm cell to form a single egg. Ovulation is therefore a necessary prerequisite for pregnancy.

Ovulation occurs once per cycle. The ovary prepares for ovulation on the first day of your period. The ovulation day corresponds to the moment when the ovary releases the egg.

And when are the fertile days then?
The fertile days are the days around ovulation. And this is roughly in the middle of the monthly cycle (you can also get detailed information on the monthly cycle from gynecologists on the Internet). The fertile days are calculated as follows:

- In a normal 28-day cycle, ovulation usually occurs on day 14 (1st day of your period = 1st day of your cycle).
- If you have a shorter or longer cycle, the fertile days will also shift. Example: If your cycle only lasts 24 days, ovulation will already take place on the 10th day.
The fertile days are the 4-5 days before ovulation (including ovulation day) to 1 day after ovulation.

Tip: You can find more information on the topic of "calculating fertile days" at our partner portal Onmeda.de!

Read also: Get pregnant quickly: 6 golden tips to finally make it work

2. When can I get pregnant?

When it comes to ovulation, of course, that is the real question that interests us: When can I get pregnant? Unfortunately, there is no general answer to this. Because when you can get pregnant depends on various factors:

- sperm cell lifespan,
- lifespan of the egg,
- time of ovulation,
- Age, ...

You can only get pregnant when the egg cell and sperm meet, i.e. during the fertile days. With targeted sex before and after ovulation, you increase your chances of conceiving.

The sperm cells survive in the cervix for 3 to 5 days. The egg cell, on the other hand, has a lifespan of only 12 to 24 hours. The fertile days are usually 4 days before and 24 hours after ovulation. If you have a regular cycle, this is the best time to get pregnant.

Here you can easily calculate your fertile days!

In the video: Do you want to get pregnant quickly? You should know that...

Video by Aischa Butt

3. What are the signs of ovulation?

There are certain signs that you may be ovulating. But don't worry if you don't see any of these signs. In fact, many women do not experience any of the typical ovulation symptoms.

Signs of ovulation can include:

- Chest pain.
- Mild abdominal pain in the ovary area (abdomen).
- Increased libido.
- Changed vaginal discharge: The cervical mucus becomes a little more abundant around ovulation and may pull light threads.
- Rise in body temperature (up to 0.5 ° C): It can be helpful to keep a temperature curve in order to recognize the fertile days.

Good to know: the typical signs of an egg cell implantation

4. Fertility Calendar & Temperature Curve: How Does It Work?

The temperature method is based on the cycle dependence of our body temperature. Because one day after ovulation, it rises by approx. 0.5 ° C and remains constant at this high level until the start of the next menstruation. Put simply, this rise in temperature on the fertility calendar indicates the end of your ovulation.

The temperature curve is therefore a way of determining the fertile or infertile days: If you record your body temperature every day and over several months, you will receive monthly temperature curves that you can use to see exactly when you ovulate. In this way you can also determine exactly when the next ovulation will take place. The increase in temperature then confirms your calculation.

Temperature curve: when are the fertile and infertile days?

- The most fertile days are: 4 to 5 days before the temperature rise. But even in the first 1-2 days after the temperature increase there is still a good chance of pregnancy.
- The sterile days last: from the 3rd day of the elevated temperature to the beginning of the next period.

Fertility Calendar: This is how you create your temperature curve
- Measure your temperature in the morning before you get up, always at the same time (a maximum of 1.5 hours deviation is allowed). It is important to measure the body temperature early in the resting state, otherwise the result in the fertility calendar will be falsified. One speaks therefore of basal temperature (= wake-up temperature).
- Always take your temperature in the same place
- Start on your first menstrual day (the cycle days are counted from the 1st day of your menstrual period).

This method works in principle, but under certain conditions:

- You have to have a regular cycle.
- You have to measure your temperature very consistently and carefully.
- You must not forget that certain factors can influence the body temperature: alcohol, painkillers, ...

The temperature curve and fertility calendar are not easy to read and analyze. It usually takes a few months to find your way around. If in doubt, you should consult your gynecologist.

Important: If you don't have a regular period, you'd better use a pharmacy ovulation test to determine if you are ovulating.

Read now: Baby happiness thanks to the ovulation test: this is how it works

By the way: The basal temperature curve can also be used to read off the onset of pregnancy: If the body temperature remains elevated for around 16-18 days, you may be pregnant!

5. Can I ovulate without a period?

It is very unlikely that you will ovulate without a period because your period results from ovulation. Once the ovary has expelled an egg, it travels through the fallopian tubes into the uterus. If it is not fertilized on its way there, the body rejects the egg cell, which means that menstruation occurs.

Conversely, this means: If you have not had a period for several months, in all probability you have not (had) ovulated.

However, it is possible that you will not have a menstrual period precisely because ovulation has occurred and fertilization has occurred and you are therefore pregnant. This assumes that you usually have regular periods and that you had intercourse during the fertile period.
So if your days are missed, this can also be a pregnancy symptom!

6. Is it possible to ovulate despite the pill?

No, ovulation despite the pill is not possible with regular and correct use. The mechanism of the pill is precisely based on preventing ovulation!

Warning: If you forget to take the pill (especially at the beginning of your cycle), ovulation can be triggered in the following days.

In the event of a mistake in taking it, ovulation can take place despite the pill. So, as a precaution, use an additional contraceptive until your next period!

7th pill discontinued: when will the next ovulation occur?

If you stop taking the pill, you can theoretically get pregnant from the next cycle.

But the resumption of ovulation after stopping the pill varies greatly from woman to woman.

With some women it only takes 14 days after stopping the pill (normal cycle), with other women it takes several weeks until the next ovulation takes place.

Good to know: The length of time in which you took the pill - be it 10 years or 3 months - does not matter. If you stop taking the pill, your fertility will return to normal as soon as ovulation starts again.

Contrary to popular rumors, taking the pill does not change the quality of your ovulation!

8. How can I encourage ovulation?

In 30% of all cases, female infertility is due to ovulatory disorders. A medical solution for this is medication that promotes ovulation (hormone treatment).

If you want to encourage ovulation and use medical aids, you should note that these increase the risk of multiple pregnancies (twins or even triplets).

There are various fertility treatments to promote and trigger ovulation, which may only be used under medical supervision. Including the prescription drug Clomiphene citrate: a synthetic estrogen that is given in tablet form.

Even if you find it difficult to wait for a pregnancy, try to distinguish objective necessity from sheer impatience. Don't ask your gynecologist for ovulation-promoting drugs right away if you don't really need them.

If you don't want to have children right away, you should first do an ovulation test and seek advice from your gynecologist. He will examine with you the regularity and quality of your ovulation, the period and frequency of sexual intercourse, etc. A drug solution should only be considered if this appears necessary from a medical point of view.

And how can I promote my fertility?

There are countless "home recipes" in circulation that are supposed to promote fertility: prefer the missionary position during sex, stay lying down after ejaculation or even do a handstand to prevent sperm outflow, ...

With all of these methods, however, you need to be aware that their effectiveness has never been proven.

Promote fertility = live healthy: The best way to promote your fertility is to adopt a healthy lifestyle and a balanced diet. Above all, repeated crash diets with the yo-yo effect should be avoided as they can disrupt the natural hormonal cycle!

Good to know:9 things that affect fertility

9. Am I sterile?

An unfulfilled desire to have children can quickly become a burden for a couple. That is understandable, even if the worries are often unfounded and it only takes a little patience. But at what point should you start thinking? When do you start thinking about a possible fertility problem?

You are under 35
Are you under 35 and haven't gotten pregnant within a year? Don't panic, this is normal. For a young couple, the probability of fertilization in each cycle (even under the best conditions) is 1 in 6. It is therefore normal to need several exercise cycles to achieve the desire to have children.

You are over 35
From the age of 35, it's not worrying if it doesn't work out within the first year. But since your fertility will decline quickly, if you don't get pregnant you shouldn't wait too long to see a gynecologist for advice.

You are over 40
Fertility declines from mid-30s. From 40, the chance of getting pregnant is only 10% per cycle. But that is no reason to give up hope right away!
You can find more tips on a "late" pregnancy in our article: Pregnant at 40!

From a medical point of view, one speaks of infertility only if an unfulfilled desire to have children has existed for more than 1-2 years.

It's important not to panic if the baby doesn't come straight away. Having sexual intercourse regularly is a good way to get pregnant soon. Anyone who would like to have a baby should have sexual intercourse at least twice a week so as not to miss the fertile days.

So first try to optimize the "natural prerequisites for conception" before you turn to a specialist and make your sexuality and the "unfulfilled desire to have children" a medical issue.

Read now:Unfulfilled desire to have children: When it just doesn't work out

10. Boy or girl: can I influence the gender?

Theoretically yes. The "male" sperm (carriers of the Y chromosome) are faster but live shorter than the "female" sperm (carriers of the X chromosome).

I want a boy:
A fertilization on the day of ovulation or immediately afterwards accordingly favors the faster "boy" sperm. If sexual intercourse is just before ovulation, the chances of conceiving a boy should be particularly good.

I want a girl:
If fertilization takes place a few days before ovulation, only the most resistant sperm, i.e. the carriers of the X, i.e. "girl's chromosomes", have survived at this point in time. So if sexual intercourse is 2-4 days before ovulation, the chances of conceiving a girl are theoretically better.

In reality, however, there are so many parameters to consider that it is almost impossible to specifically conceive a girl or a boy. For example, the sex position should also play a role, but also the question of whether a man or woman climaxes first during sexual intercourse ...

Conclusion: The discussion remains open, and thus also the way for numerous myths and various tips.

Also read:TEST: How many fertile years do you have left?

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