Who said that Vedas are apauruSheya
The Vedas - the roots of high Indian culture
The origin of the Vedas
The Vedic Scriptures (also called Vedas or Vedas) are ancient texts that were written in the Sanskrit language. Sanskrit is considered the oldest of all languages and is also the origin of all Indo-European languages. The Vedas contain complex information about religion and philosophy, but also about many other areas of human life such as art, architecture, medicine (Ayurveda), etc.
Srila Vyasadeva, the author of the Vedas
The Vedas say of themselves that they are apaurusheya, i.e. of non-human origin: At the beginning of creation, the Supreme Personality of Godhead Vishnu passed the Vedic knowledge on to Brahma, the first created living being within this universe. Brahma then instructed his sons, who also passed it on. So this knowledge was passed down through a student succession (parampara). Even today we can find teachers (gurus) who belong to such an unbroken student succession.
Five thousand years ago the great sage Vyasadeva (see picture) divided the Vedas into four parts and also wrote the corresponding histories of this universe such as the Puranas and the Mahabharata. His most important work is the Srimad-Bhagavatam (Bhagavat-Purana), in which many principles or commandments for a God-conscious life are written down. The most famous book in the western world is probably the Bhagavad-gita (part of the Mahabharata). The Bhagavad-gita is considered the essence of the Vedas and was spoken five thousand years ago on a battlefield called Kurukshetra in northern India. The speaker is Krishna, who is confirmed by the Vedas as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the recipient is the devotee Arjuna, one of the generals of this war.
The Bhagavad-gita was and is still valued by many thinkers and philosophers as a book of great wisdom in the past. Perhaps the most famous readers of the Bhagavad-gita are personalities like Arthur Schopenhauer, Mahatma Gandhi and Albert Einstein. Perhaps what fascinates thinkers most is that the Bhagavad-gita and the Vedas do not view religion as a dogmatic belief lacking plausible explanations, but rather present spirituality as a real science.
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The Vedas - knowledge without human error
From a talk given by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada was held at Conway Hall in London, England on October 6, 1969.
The Sanskrit root of the word Veda can be interpreted in many ways, but ultimately there is only one goal. Veda means knowledge. All knowledge that you unlock is Veda, for the teachings of the Vedas are the original knowledge. In the conditioned state, our knowledge is impaired by many shortcomings. The difference between a conditioned soul and a liberated soul is that the conditioned soul is subject to four imperfections.
First of all, we all make mistakes. In India, for example, Mahatma Gandhi was celebrated as a very great figure, but he made many mistakes. At the end of his life, too, his co-workers warned him: “Mahatma Gandhi, do not go to the conference in New Delhi. Some friends of ours have heard that there is danger. ”But he did not hear. He insisted on leaving and was killed. Even great people like Mahatma Gandhi, President Kennedy (there are so many of them), make mistakes. To err is human. That is the one imperfection of the conditioned soul.
Another imperfection: having misconceptions. Illusion means accepting something that is not: maya. Maya means what is not. Everyone accepts the body as the self. If you are asked who you are, you will say: “I am Mr. Miller, I am a rich man. I am this and I am that. ”All of these are body-related identifications. But you are not that body. This is an illusion.
The third imperfection is deception. All people cheat on their neighbors. Even if a person is the greatest fool, he still pretends to be very intelligent. Although it has already been said that man is under the illusion and makes mistakes, he will nevertheless theorize: “I believe that is so, and that is so.” But man does not even know his own position. He writes books of philosophy, although imperfect. That is his illness. That's cheating.
And ultimately, our senses are imperfect. We are very proud of our eyes. Often someone will challenge you to say, “Can you show me God?” But do you have the eyes to see God? You will never see if you don't have the proper eyes. If the room is getting dark right now, you won't even be able to see your hands. So what eyesight do you have then? Therefore we cannot expect knowledge (Veda) to be imparted to us through these imperfect senses. With all these shortcomings of conditioned life, we are unable to impart perfect knowledge to anyone. We are not perfect ourselves. That is why we accept the Vedas as they are. [...]
The Vedic principles are axiomatic truths because the possibility of any mistake is excluded. For example, in India, cow dung is considered pure, and yet cow dung is an animal's dung. Once we find in the Vedic teachings that we should wash immediately after touching feces. And then again it is said that the cow's dung is clean. If you put the cow's dung in an unclean place, that place becomes clean. Now you will argue that it is a contradiction in terms. And from the ordinary point of view it is also a contradiction, but it really is. An established fact. In Calcutta, one of the leading scientists and doctors analyzed the cow dung and found that it contained all of the antiseptic properties.
If you say to someone in India: “You have to do this”, he will reply: “Why? Does the Vedas say that I must follow you without contradiction? ”It is not possible to interpret the Vedic teachings. But if one finally investigates exactly why these instructions exist - one will find that they are all correct.
The Vedas are not a compilation of human knowledge. Vedic knowledge has its origin in the transcendental world, in Krishna the Lord. The Vedas are also called Shruti. Shruti means the knowledge that is attained through hearing. It is not a matter of speculative knowledge. Shruti, it is said, be like mother. We learn a lot from our mother. For example, if we want to know who our father is, who can tell us? Our mother. If the mother says, "Here is your father," then we have to believe her. It is impossible to find out through experiments whether this is actually our father. So if you want to know something that is outside your realm of experience, beyond your experimental knowledge, beyond the activity of your senses, then you have to accept the Vedas. It is impossible to experiment. Experiments have already been carried out. Everything is already fixed. What the mother tells us in this case must be accepted as truth. There is no other way.
The continuation of this lecture ("What are the Vedas") can be found in the book "Isopanisad".
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Books of His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
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