What is a birth number
For us Europeans, the EU means above all an unprecedented freedom: We can settle down and work in all member states without any restrictions. Without restrictions? Well ... A small country in Eastern Europe, in cooperation with the German bureaucracy, has its own ideas about freedom of establishment.
But first of all: what is a foreigner in the Czech Republic? The law provides the following definition:
A foreigner is a rational physical person who is not a citizen of the Czech Republic, including a citizen of the European Union.
So, as a German, am I by law not a foreigner? Or is it me? Understandability is not the strength of legal texts ...
It doesn't matter, it's about residency and that is generally allowed because I am a citizen of the European Union. I can therefore simply rent an apartment in the Czech Republic and get a job.
Residence in the Czech Republic
In contracts, the signatory always refers to the "permanent residence" (trvalý pobyt) required. This is of course the place of residence in Germany for employers, telecommunications companies, landlords and the Czech authorities. So you should register a permanent residence in the Czech Republic.
The problem: You can only get permanent residence in the Czech Republic, even as an EU citizen, after you have had a "temporary residence" (přechodní pobyt) registered.
Temporary vs. permanent residence
In order to understand the difference between the two forms of residence, a short excursion into history is necessary: The Czech Republic was once part of Austria-Hungary. There there was the so-called "homeland law". A person had homeland rights in the community in which he was born. Of course, you could change this home law, but this was always associated with risk for the communities, because they had to guarantee their residents certain social benefits. That is still the case in the Czech Republic today, many people are still registered in their place of birth, so they still have their permanent residence with their parents. This is generally not a problem, because there is no obligation to report in this country.
As a foreigner, however, you are initially only granted temporary residence for five years. However, this is only a residence permit; permanent residence is still required for all legal processes. A problem for Germans. Why? Because of the German bureaucracy!
German red tape vs. Czech red tape
The German registration law provides for the following: If you move abroad, you must de-register after two weeks at the latest!
And now the question arises for the person concerned: what to do? Without permanent residence in Germany no contracts in the Czech Republic for the first five years, without deregistration in Germany a violation of the right to report with a threatened fine of up to 1000 €!
There are only two possible answers: break German law or break Czech law. Either the person concerned initially stays in Germany for five years, e.g. registered with their parents, or the temporary residence is declared permanent in all contracts and hopes that no one inquires.
Why Temporary Residence? The birth number ...
But why should you, as an EU citizen, register a temporary residence in the Czech Republic when you can live in the country without it? The answer is: birth number.
Another excursion into history: In the Czech Republic and Slovakia, every citizen receives a unique number after their birth. This birth number (rodné čislo) is roughly the equivalent of a social security number - only that this number has to be given for almost everything in this country! For example, it is legally possible to register your own car with a temporary residence, but the registration office needs to state the birth number, the computer system simply requires the information ...
And that is the answer: The inclined foreigner receives the birth number when he applies for temporary residence.
Conclusion: Not everything is legal, but giving a shit doesn't help either ... Kafka is alive!
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