What are some tips to increase albumin

Albumin: A blood protein

In a nutshell:

Albumin is an important blood protein and forms the largest proportion of blood proteins. The values ​​are checked via the serum or urine. If the measured values ​​deviate from the norm, this can indicate damage to the liver or kidneys, for example, but it can also have other causes.

What is albumin

Albumin is a protein that is made in the liver. Together with globulins, it is one of the most important proteins found in the blood. It has two important functions:

  • Albumin is important for the distribution of fluids in the body. It can bind water, so it keeps the proportion of fluid inside and outside the blood vessels constant. If the albumin concentration changes, fluid deposits in the tissue (edema) can occur.
  • Albumin is an important transport protein. Insoluble substances would stick together in the blood during transport. These substances include, for example, some drugs, hormones, the bile pigment bilirubin, some vitamins and fatty acids. Due to the temporary binding to the albumin, the transport in the blood is possible. However, the binding of drugs to albumin can strongly influence their effects.

Why is the albumin level measured?

Usually, albumin is only minimally excreted in the urine. If the concentration of albumin in the urine is increased (micro- or macroalbuminuria), this may indicate kidney damage, for example from diabetes or high blood pressure.

How high are the normal values?

Serum: 35 - 52 g / l
Elimination in the urine: up to 30 mg / 24 h

Possible causes for lowered values:

Too low an albumin level in the blood can occur in connection with acute inflammation and kidney diseases, with liver cirrhosis or intestinal obstruction, furthermore with extensive burns or water retention in the peripheral tissues (for example in the arms or legs) or in the abdomen (experts call ascites in the case of ascites ). However, malnutrition or pregnancy can also lower the values.

Expertly checked by Prof. Dr. med. Michael Spannagl, Laboratory for Immunogenetics and Molecular Diagnostics, Ludwig Maximilians University Hospital (LMU) Munich