Call Quebecers Anglo-Canadians Canadians

The Union Jack in Canada (1763-1867)

Canadian History of Literature pp 31-70 | Cite as

  • Heinz Antor
  • Doris Eibl
  • Klaus-Dieter Ertler
  • Albert-Reiner Glaap
  • Paul Goetsch
  • Fritz Peter Kirsch
  • Martin Kuester
  • Rolf Lohse
  • Hartmut Lutz
  • Ursula Mathis-Moser
  • Markus M. Müller
  • Andrea Oberhuber
  • Caroline Rosenthal
  • Dorothee Scholl
  • Waldemar Zacharasiewicz
  • Konrad Groß
  • Wolfgang Klooss
  • Reingard M. Nischik

Summary

The British colonial era begins with the conquest of Quebec (Peace of Paris 1763), but the colonial coordinates were staked out earlier: in the northwest and west as well as on the Atlantic coast. The Hudson’s Bay Company, founded in 1670, has developed into the dominant force in western Canada since the end of the 18th century. A sometimes bloody competition with the North West Company in Montreal decided in 1821 in their favor. Until the sale of its territory in 1870 to the Dominion of Canada, which had been released from colonial status three years earlier, the company became the almost absolute ruler of an area that stretched from Hudson Bay to the Pacific coast. Since the fur trade prevented a significant agricultural settlement in the west, the settlement process began on the Atlantic coast. In 1713, in the Peace of Utrecht, the colony of Akadien England, which was mostly inhabited by French settlers, was added to England. For strategic reasons, the garrison town of Halifax was founded in Nova Scotia (Nova Scotia) in 1749, the English name of Acadia. The deportation of around 7,000 Acadians in 1755 was an “ethnic cleansing” that Henry Wadsworth Longfellow described in his verse epic, which is also popular in Canada Evangeline (1847) processed sentimentally.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heinz Antor
  • Doris Eibl
  • Klaus-Dieter Ertler
  • Albert-Reiner Glaap
  • Paul Goetsch
  • Fritz Peter Kirsch
  • Martin Kuester
  • Rolf Lohse
  • Hartmut Lutz
  • Ursula Mathis-Moser
  • Markus M. Müller
  • Andrea Oberhuber
  • Caroline Rosenthal
  • Dorothee Scholl
  • Waldemar Zacharasiewicz
  • Konrad Groß
  • Wolfgang Klooss
  • Reingard M. Nischik

There are no affiliations available