CMC did MBBS this year

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Main block, entrance to the main hospital

Christian Medical College, Vellore widely known as CMC, Vellore[5] is a private, Christian community-run medical school, hospital and research institute.[6][7] This institute encompasses a network of primary, secondary and tertiary care[8] Hospitals in and around Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India. The institute, constituent college is the Tamil Nadu Dr. Affiliated with MGR Medical University.[9] CMC Vellore was founded in 1900 by the American missionary Dr. Ida S. Scudder and has brought many significant achievements to India including founding the first College of Nursing in 1946, performing the world's first reconstructive surgery for leprosy (1948) and performing the first successful open heart surgery in India (1961), Performing the first kidney transplant in India (1971), Performing the first bone marrow transplant (1986) in India and Performing the first successful ABO-incompatible kidney transplant in India (2009).[10]

History

Ida S. Scudder as a young woman
Heritage Center near the main entrance

The hospital was founded in 1900 by Dr. Ida Sophia Scudder founded. Ida Scudder was the daughter of second generation medical missionaries from the Dutch Reformed Church in the United States of America (USA) who served in India. She was born in Tindivanam in 1870, about 100 km from Madras (now known as Chennai). As a young girl, she experienced famine, poverty and death and swore never to follow in her parents' footsteps and become a missionary. The Scudder family returned to the United States on vacation in 1878, and Ida began her education. Her parents returned to India, but Ida Scudder stayed in the US and attended Northfield Seminary for Young Ladies (now Northfield Mount Herman). In 1891 she was called back to India to take care of her sick mother.[1]

At that time, Ida became very aware of the lack of medical services for women and children in India, largely due to cultural and religious norms that did not allow male practitioners to treat women. This awareness became the driving force of her life one evening in her parents' bungalow when a young Indian came to the door and asked Ida's help for his wife, who was struggling with childbirth. He rejected Ida's father, Dr. John Scudder's care, off and off. That night two other men came with similar inquiries to seek medical help for their working wives, but again refused John Scudder's care. The three women and their babies died that night. The incident deeply shook 24-year-old Ida Scudder.[1][11][12]

After prayer and thought, Ida Scudder changed the course of her life and decided to become a doctor in the United States so she could return to India to treat Indian patients and train Indian women to be doctors and nurses to service their own. She returned to the United States and enrolled at Woman’s Medical College in Pennsylvania in 1895. She graduated in New York, where she was in the first class of doctors at Cornell Medical College[11] this included women (1899). Within three months she sailed to India with a "fiery passion for changing things".[1]

Dr. Ida S. Scudder opened a single bed pharmacy in Vellore in 1900. In 1902 she built the 40-bed Mary Taber Schell Memorial Hospital for women, named in memory of the wife of a New York benefactor. She continued her work in the pharmacy and began training women as compounders in 1903. She started to bring "Street pharmacies" to rural villages in 1906 when the average life expectancy of an Indian was 25 years.[1] She began a nurse training program in 1909 and began training women doctors at the Union Mission Medical School for Women That opened in 1918. In 1938 the government changed its policy, stating that medical degrees could only be awarded by universities. Scudder decided to expand her medical school into a medical college Christian Medical College. The college was affiliated with Madras University and began offering the MBBS course in 1942.[1]

[1945 began training as a laboratory technician, 1946 a college of Nursing India was founded for the first time, 1947 the first group of medical students was acceptedMedical graduate courses (MD and MS) began in 1950, and 1969 graduate courses began in nursing[1]

A number of other people also played important roles in the development of the college, including Dr. Theodore Howard Somervell, a British surgeon, Dr. Paul W. Brand, another British surgeon, Dr. Edward Gault, an Australian surgeon and pathologist, and Dr. Mary Verghese, an Indian specialist in physical medicine and rehabilitation.[1]

CHAD (Community Health and Development) building in Bagayam in Vellore

The hospital has been visited by many prominent leaders at various times, including Sir Alexander Fleming, Dr. Jonas Salk, the American evangelist Billy Graham, Mahatma Gandhi, the Indian Presidents Radhakrishna, Rajendra Prasad and Abdul Kalam.[1]Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Countess Edwina Ashley Mountbatten from Burma.

The college now offers over 175 different graduate programs in the disciplines of medicine, nursing, and allied health, including PhD courses. In total, over 2,600 students are enrolled each year.[1][13] The hospital has eleven locations and cares for over 2,000 inpatients and 8,000 outpatients every day with 67 wards, 92 clinics per day and over 150 departments / units.[2] Every year 100 students are admitted to the MBBS medical degree.[14] The MBBS course is recognized by the Medical Council of India.[15]

Administration [edit]

Christian Medical College is a registered voluntary, non-profit organization.[2] The hospital is owned and managed by its board of directors, which is made up of Christian Church leaders from across India.[16] Katherine D. Guenther is the Foundation's President.[17]

Acknowledgments [edit]

CMC Vellore was awarded the Public Health Champion Award by the WHO (World Health Organization) in 2015.[18] won Platinum Awards in each category of the prestigious SKOCH Awards in 2014.[19] In 2015, CMC won the coveted and prestigious DL Shah Quality Award - Gold for its clinical audit program.[20]

Academics [edit]

The college offers MBBS, 57 postgraduate diploma and medical courses (MS, MD, DM, MCh, Bachelor of Science, Master of Science, and PhD), 44 Allied Health Science courses, and 14 diploma courses in nursing and other fields. and 52 fellowship courses. A total of around 2500 students are enrolled each year.[13]

The MBBS course consists of four and a half years of academics and one year of CRRI. Block posting in community health centers is an essential part of medical education. The students are stationed in mission hospitals and secondary centers.[21]

Ranking [edit]

CMC Vellore ranks second among medical colleges in India in 2020 India today[25] and third in Outlook India in 2019[23] and second in India from The week.[24] In India, it was ranked third by the National Institutional Ranking Framework's medical ranking for 2020.[22]

Services [edit]

Café in the courtyard of the main building

There are two main campuses - one, the main campus in the heart of Vellore City and the other in Bagayam, about 7 km from the main campus. CMC has over 8,800 employees, including over 1,528 doctors and 2,400 nurses.[13] Almost every clinical specialty is served,[26] and many departments are divided into units with specific expertise in specific areas, such as the surgery department, which is divided into eight units specializing in head and neck surgery, endocrine surgery, vascular surgery, colorectal surgery, etc.[13] There are a total of 143 specialized departments / units.[2]

The Department of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology serves more than 40,000 patients annually.[citation needed] Conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthropathies, including ankylosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthropathy, lupus, primary Sjogren's syndrome, and Takayasu's arteritis. This department has its own MRI and ultrasound services for extremities and is also active in clinical and translational research.

The departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reproductive Medicine, Child Health, Neonatology, Pediatric Surgery, and Developmental Pediatrics are in the Ida S.Scudder Centenary Center for Women and Children (ISSCC) with approx. 424 beds.[2]

The orthopedics department has 3 units and additional special units for pediatric orthopedics, hand and microvascular surgery and spinal diseases.

The Department of Hematology is a pioneer in the treatment of all blood disorders, including cutting edge bone marrow transplants, hemato-oncology, and bleeding disorders.

The ophthalmology department works on the campus of the Schell Eye Hospital.[27] The Mental Health Center, the CMC Department of Psychiatry, is located on the Bagayam campus.[28] This center also houses the Faculty for the Assessment and Education of Mentally Disabled Children, which is called Nambikkai Nilayam, a Tamil phrase that means the center of hope.[2] The Rehabilitation Institute for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation is also located on the Bagayam Campus.[2][29]

Radiology reports are integrated into a filmless digital system. The picture archiving and communication system (PACS), the first in the country, was launched in 2000. Health professionals can view the images on any computer on the hospital network. Lab test results are also integrated into the hospital intranet so that they can be accessed anywhere in the hospital.[13]

Christian Medical College's community work is organized by the Community Health Department, which was founded in 1957. The community programs run by CMC are Community Health and Development (CHAD), Rural Department for Health and Social Affairs (RUHSA), College of Nursing Community Health (CONCH) and Low Cost Effective Care Unit (LCECU).[1][2] In 2014, the LCECU opened the Shalom Clinic for middle-income patients.

Community Health and Development (CHAD) has a community hospital and training center on Bagayam campus; This is the main location of the CMC Community Health Department. The program serves a rural, semi-urban and tribal population of approximately 250,000 in the Kaniyambadi region, including the Kaniyambadi Block (82 villages), the Jawadhi Hills (120 tribal villages) and urban areas such as Kansalpet, Saidapet, Sreenivasanagar and Kagithapattarai.[1] CHAD also provides counseling services for 120,000 residents in the Anaicut Block.[2]

Rural Department for Health and Social Affairs (RUHSA) is located on the KV Kuppam Block, approximately 25 km from Vellore. It's a secondary care health center with 70 beds and has many peripheral locations on the block.[1] It organizes a range of field programs for the rural populations in the area that provide inpatient care, mobile health services and vocational training programs, and includes over 100 local family care volunteers who care for around 135,000 people in 39 panchayats.[2] Efforts have been made to alleviate poverty by promoting income generating projects and improving agricultural practices. More details on RUHSA can be found here[13]

College of Nursing Community Health (CONCH)Founded in 1987, the program is primary health care administered by nurses. Home visits form the basis of this outreach program, which focuses on a population of 63,199 people in 22 villages and 23,000 people on the urban periphery of Vellore City. CONCH organizes health camps, street games, films and exhibitions to promote people's health awareness. CONCH also works with the District Health Administration and NGOs in the implementation of government health projects.[1]

Low Cost Effective Care Unit (LCECU), founded in 1983, serves the health needs of people in the urban slums of Vellore. The program visits five slum areas a week and makes many house calls. Doctors, nurses, and community health workers provide affordable, comprehensive healthcare without relying excessively on sophisticated technology.[1] In 2014, the LCECU opened the Shalom Family Medicine Center, where family medicine doctors offer paid services. Shalom is aimed at low- to middle-income residents of Vellore, and the fees generated help subsidize contact programs in the surrounding areas.

Significant successes [edit]

CMC is home to the South Asian Cochrane Network and Center and an internationally recognized training and research center for infectious diseases. The college is home to a stem cell research center funded by the Indian government.[13] A number of research programs in CMC are funded by many national and international agencies. Approximately 430 research articles are published in indexed journals in a year (the second largest number of medical research papers from any medical college in India).[13] The establishment of the Fleming Memorial Research Laboratory for Virology in 1965, the Artificial Kidney Laboratory in 1976, the Betatron ICMR Center for Advanced Research in Virology in 1978, the National AIDS Reference and Surveillance Center in 1986, the Cytogenetics Laboratory in 2002 and the Vellore's Bombay Artificial Limb Bioengineering Department in 2003 are major initiatives in the field of medical research.[1]

Notable Graduates [edit]

  • KA Abraham, Interventional Cardiologist and Padma Shri Prize Winner[30]
  • Kamala Balakrishnan, immunologist, expert in histocompatibility and transplantation
  • Mahendra Bhandari, Padma Shri Prize Winner[31]
  • Nagarur Gopinath, heart surgeon and Padma Shri awardee[32]
  • Binayak Sen, pediatrician, public health specialist, human rights leader, recipient of the Jonathan Mann Award
  • Vinod Kumar Shetty, orthopedist, professor of anatomy, first army doctor to join the parachute regiment with the highest number of jumps
  • Ajit Varki, medical researcher, director of the Glycobiology Institute, UCSD

See also [edit]

References [edit]

External links [edit]

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