Proxy server 4
Internet Set up a proxy server - that's how it works
In times of firewalls, VPN services and Tor, a practical method of disguising the IP address and speeding up the Internet has fallen a little behind: the proxy server. Proxy comes from the Latin “proximus” and means “the next” or “representative”. And that is exactly what a proxy server is: It is a proxy server for a network or a computer and connects between the Internet and the computer.
There are basically two types of proxies: Those that run locally in the network - this makes sense in companies, for example, to relieve the Internet lines. And those that are made available by the provider. While the former primarily serve as a cache, i.e. ensure that data does not have to be reloaded from each network computer from the Internet each time, the provider proxies are particularly interesting for private everyday use: They not only accelerate the Internet -Access but can also obfuscate the IP address. As a result, a provider proxy leads to significantly more speed and security - and is also easy to set up.
Find a provider proxy: This is how it works
Most Internet providers offer proxy servers. In the past, when the network was still connected via analog modems and ISDN, it was quite common to set up proxies as standard at the end customer: They reduced the providers' data turnover and accelerated the connection to the customer. Although proxies are still offered today, they are usually not used by default. Also because, as cache systems, they naturally represent a source of error. And of course, because acceleration and economy of infrastructure are no longer as necessary as in the days of modems and ISDN. Nevertheless, they still exist: A simple Google query consisting of “proxy” and “provider” - for example “Proxy T-Online” - usually brings the server overview page of the respective provider to light as the first hit. The proxy servers are also listed here: In the case of T-Online, for example "www-proxy.t-online.de"
Set up a global proxy server under Windows: This is how it works
Knowing this proxy address, you can then get to work straight away. It should be noted that modern operating systems have two places where proxy settings are set: once in the system and once in the browser. The following applies: The system proxy is used by all programs - including all browsers such as Chrome, Edge or Firefox. The proxy in the browser, on the other hand, is only used where it is set. This offers a number of advantages: For example, you can operate a browser exclusively with a proxy, but let all other Internet applications run without a proxy. Or, conversely, you can handle all Internet traffic through the proxy. You can also set different proxies for both scenarios. In Windows 10, the proxy is quickly set in the system:
Danger: Some providers limit the bandwidth of the proxies. If you have the feeling, you can check your Internet speed at https://breitbandmessage.de. In addition, providers often use so-called "transparent" proxies, which still give the website information about the IP address. Such proxies are primarily used to speed up loading times and should not be used to obfuscate the IP address.
Set global proxy server under macOS
Of course, macOS also offers the option of using a global, i.e. system-wide, proxy. The setup is just as simple as under Windows:
Use anonymous proxies
A corresponding anonymous proxy server is necessary so that a proxy also anonymizes the IP address. You can subscribe to such an “elite proxy” at services such as https://torguard.net/de/anonymousbittorrentproxy.php. Alternatively, there are also lists of free proxies on the Internet, but if in doubt they are relatively slow. In addition, they cache page views and content, which means that such dubious proxies are only suitable for encrypted websites. Compared to VPN or the Tor network, however, proxies usually have the advantage that they work without additional software and are available free of charge in many cases. However, as I said, proxies only mask the IP address and can accelerate Internet traffic - only commercial VPN providers, on the other hand, offer real anonymity.
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