Can a girl boy wear sports shoes

The size is deceptive: Always check when buying children's shoes

05.09.2012

Parents are better off not relying on the printed size when buying shoes for their children. Otherwise, they run the risk of their children running around in too small or too large kicks. It is better to draw a stencil of the child's foot and take it with you when you buy ...

Measure, feel, bend: When buying children's shoes, it pays to lend a hand. Because often the specified shoe size does not correspond to the actual inner length. Parents can therefore not rely on the size information, but have to measure. Mothers and fathers notice whether a shoe is soft and can follow the movements of a child's foot by picking up the models and bending them.

More than half of children wear shoes that are too small and many children walk around in shoes that do not fit. This results in serial measurements at regular intervals. The research team Kinderfüße-Kinderschuhe from Austria has determined in its investigations for years that more than half of the children walk around in shoes that are too short. Measurements from 2008 showed that even two thirds (around 66%) of children in Germany wore shoes that were too short. At that time, the feet and shoes of almost 4,200 children in Austria, Germany, Switzerland and Liechtenstein were measured.

The University of Potsdam also found out that many children wear the wrong shoe sizes: Between 2006 and 2007, researchers from the Institute for Sports Medicine and Prevention measured the feet of around 11,000 children in Germany and Switzerland and looked at which shoe sizes the children were wearing. The result: In addition to shoes that were too small, more than 40% of boys and girls wore shoes that were too big.

Small children can hardly judge the fit of a shoe Too big, too small: the results are inconsistent. But they show that parents are obviously picking on the wrong shoes. One of the main reasons for this is likely to be that the specified shoe sizes often do not match the actual inside length of the shoe. "We still have the situation that around 90% of children's shoes are labeled incorrectly," says Wieland Kinz, sports scientist from the research team for children's feet and children's shoes in Salzburg. There are no uniform standards for shoe sizes. "There is no uniform standard for shoe sizes," says Annette von Czarnowski from the German Shoe Institute in Offenbach. That means: The size indicated on a shoe is at best an orientation. But parents face another problem. Toddlers don't feel like adults whether a shoe fits. "The nervous system on the feet is not yet fully developed," explains Steffen Müller from the University of Potsdam, who measured the children's feet. “If children find a shoe good, then it fits. If they find it bad, it tends not to fit. ”There are children who have blue toenails due to shoes that are too short and still say:“ The shoe fits, ”adds Wieland Kinz soft children's foot. They can lead to pressure points and chafing because the foot slips back and forth, warns Müller. Or the children claw at every step, which tires and can lead to problems in the long run, adds Kerstin Bosch, who runs a gait laboratory at the Social Pediatric Center Westmünsterland. If the toes are constantly compressed, the position of the toes changes, which can lead to joint inflammation, for example, warn the Austrian researchers.

Children's feet grow quickly. Between the ages of three and six they gain an average of one millimeter per month. "It may be that nothing happens for a few weeks and then the foot suddenly gives a boost," explains Müller. He advises measuring the length of your feet at least every six months, or better every three months if you are a toddler - and checking your shoes.

Determining the correct shoe size If new pairs are to be made, the shoe retailer should measure the inner length of the selected shoes in addition to the children's foot. Because the toes slide forward when walking, there must be enough space in front. The German Shoe Institute recommends adding 12 to 15 millimeters (mm). According to Wieland Kinz, new shoes can even be up to 17 mm longer than the foot. He advises parents to make a cardboard template: To do this, place the child barefoot on a cardboard box, draw the outline of the foot, add 17 mm to the longest toe and cut out a strip two fingers wide. If the strip fits into the shoe, it is long enough.

If you don't want to do handicrafts, you can remove the shoe sole and place the child on it. "Then you can see whether the shoe is long and wide enough," advises Kerstin Bosch. “An adult finger width should be added to the longest toe.” According to the Austrian researchers, it is important that the heel does not line up with the edge of the sole because the foot is about one centimeter further in the shoe.

Children have feet of different widths. There are accordingly narrow and wider shoes. Parents should either have the width measured or look and feel for themselves. “The shoe must have good guidance on the heel so that the foot does not slip out,” advises Kerstin Bosch. Wieland Kinz recommends parents feel with their fingers whether the shoe is snug around the ball of the foot and heel. "If the child turns their feet outwards when walking like Charlie Chaplin, the shoe is definitely too big," he says.

Used shoes are not harmful Parents can buy used shoes for their children with a clear conscience. But you should look carefully. If the sole has worn off on one side, it is better to leave the shoes on the shelf, advises Kerstin Bosch from the Westmünsterland Social Pediatric Center. The same applies if the shoe is inclined inwards or outwards. “You notice that when you put your shoes down and look at your heels from behind.” Let children go barefoot as much as possibleChildren should go barefoot as often as possible. Researchers from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich attached sensors to children aged five to seven years and examined their gait in shoes and barefoot. Among other things, it was found that feet in shoes bend at least 30% less. “The feet of beginners are usually greasy, flat-looking and can distribute the pressure well. They have everything they need, ”says Kerstin Bosch, who examined children's feet as part of a study at the University of Münster. Shoes are especially necessary to protect against cold and sharp and pointed surfaces.

Source: dpa

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